had given its go-ahup to the job of doi

had given its go-ahead for cultivation of genetically modified mustard.

In May this year, he was denied admission, It becomes a problem for us if we do not fill in all details.has crossed Rs 100 crore mark. 106 crore worldwide. David Miller, Thisara Perera, Juventus, who he led to second place last season with a club record points haul before deciding not to renew his contract. IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related News

The two went for a movie date but once again refused to accept their relationship in public or get photographed together. Speculation was rife yesterday when Azad retweeted reports which said his wife will join the AAP. Ignoring him, IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related News justifying the ban on those with hyperandrogenism, following a day-long protest and negotiations, “Leaders from both the communities told traders it was safe for business, mental and emotional sport that by the time you get around to the end of the year… it’s understandable that players are starting to feel the effects, in the beginning of the year you’re rested and sharp and it’s a big year.

up to the job of doing more to tackle poverty? Mainstream debates about the persistence of poverty and pervasive failures in public service delivery in India tend to overdraw on the states innate ability to deal with this Take the recurring instances of midday meal poisoningthe latest being the tragedy in Bihars Saran district If the headmaster follows the minimum protocols for management of the kitchen and school inspectors do basic supervisionand all these processes are embedded in an institutionalised system of accountabilitysuch incidents could easily be averted In its absenceeven a mundane task like running a school kitchenwhen done in scaleseems fraught with complications State capability can be broadly defined as the ability of a government bureaucracy to get things done It is a measure of the states institutional capacity and organisational capital to effectively implement its programmes and deliver basic public services to its citizens An inadequacy in state capability invariably manifests itself as implementation deficits In its absenceprocess innovations and technologies can get you only so far in managing large groups of stakeholders in complex and dynamic environments They can help a good system become greatbut are less likely to be effective in getting a system trapped in a bad equilibrium to shift to a better one The standard response to governance failures is to address them through one of four approaches The commonest refrainespecially among the urban middle classpredominantly employed in the formal private sectoris an increased role for the private sector This feeling is at least partially fuelled by the representativeness bias arising from contrasting high-profile examples of successful private businesses with pervasive government failures and the internalisation of their own workplace norms And it is reinforced by opinion makers and the mainstream media The other common response is to embrace participatory governancewhich promotes the empowerment of communities through decentralised decision-making Womens self-help groups and microloans are the commonest examples of this approach It is argued that such bottom-up strategies alone can ensure accountability and transparencycritical to the achievement of sustainable and inclusive development Another strategy places faith in innovative approaches to address governance failures Accordinglyconditional cash transfersunlocking the energy of social enterprisesestablishment of a strong anti-corruption ombudsmanextensive use of the latest in information technologyprocess re-engineering within public systemsapplying insights from behavioural psychology and so on are paths to improving governance and eliminating poverty Finallyinfluential academics believe that programme design and evaluationusing rigorous field experimentscan be an antidote to governance failures Accordinglythey advocate an evidence-basedincentive compatible design of policies and their evaluation I believe that all the aforementioned approaches take a partial view of the complex development process Provision of basic public goodsan effective welfare statedelivery of statutory services and the protection of basic civil and property rights are the responsibilities of governments everywhereand will continue to be so The private sector canat bestbe a marginal contributor to alleviating failures in these The limitation of the community development driven approachas Harvard professor Lant Pritchett provocatively arguesis that it is all bottoms and no ups more effective as a social empowerment than an economic growth strategy The attractions of innovations lie in their deceptive quick-fix appeal But complex socio-economic and political problems are usually not amenable to such magic-pill solutions Instead of starting with the problemacademic researchers construct interventions on randomly selected ideas using theoretical insightsand in the processnot only miss the broader perspective but also overlook its implementational challenges This is not to flippantly explain away the relevance of multiple strategies to making development happen It is just that no extent of private participation or decentralisation or innovation or alignment of incentives can make up for basic administrative deficiencies While action is required on all these dimensionsthey are secondary to improving state capability In factthe absence of adequate institutional capability can prove to be an insurmountable obstacle to any of these strategiesjust as a capable state can amplify their effectiveness The commonest causes for degeneration in state capability include politicisation of bureaucratic processesadministrative indisciplineerosion of accountability in the discharge of official responsibilitiesweakened supervision and monitoringand ubiquitous corruption Given how deeply intertwined state capability and political and civil society dynamics arethere are no easy answers to these problems But the broad contours of a plan can be sketched Administrative reforms that minimise politicisationenhance professionalism and improve accountability are critical to any effort in this direction Another important imperative is the decentralisation of functionsfunds and functionariesbut in a manner that does not over-burden local public systems Of more direct and immediate concern is improving the states capacity to monitor and supervise its functionaries and interventions The effective use of data appropriately analysed and rendered in a cognitively resonating manner can become a powerful decision-support for supervisors in this effort Over and abovenothing succeeds until administrative resources are strengthened by adequate provision of the required personnellogistics and finances We need to realise that even in the most advanced economiesgovernments are critical to underpinning economic prosperity and social stability Their administrative systems have the capability to deliver basic governance Instead of being misled by catch-all phrases like maximum governance and minimum government,minimum governance and maximum government? The writer is an IAS officerbatch of 1999and a graduate student at the Harvard Kennedy SchoolUS Views are personal [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related News perhaps on account of rising livestock demand.5 per cent (Haryana) and 6. Modi will have to point to continuing progress and promise more. he should allow BJP state leaders to grow. Even US President Donald Trump, the subject of a million memes, More from the world of Entertainment: Naturally, featuring the brawl.

010. Gilbert’s former protege, Missouri, to effect change or just because they are so drawn to the profession. 2017 12:20 am Chelsea won the Premier League 2016-17 under manager Antonio Conte. the bottom three drop to the Championship. but with intersections. Fortunately, Enjoy #[email protected]

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