AD Classics: Kings Road House / Rudolf Schindler

first_imgPhotographs:  Joshua White PhotographyProject gallerySee allShow lessFloating Restaurant / Simo Freese ArchitectsSelected ProjectsSaint-Sauveur House / Hors-ChampsSelected Projects Share United States AD Classics: Kings Road House / Rudolf Schindler CopySecluded behind a screen of tall bamboo shoots in West Hollywood, Los Angeles, the Kings Road House may be considered the first home ever built in the Modernist style.[1] Designed by Rudolf Schindler in 1921, the architect’s use of tilt-slab concrete construction (highly innovative at the time) and an informal studio layout, set it apart from its contemporaries; indeed, the design would set the tone for other Modernist residential design for decades.+ 10During his architectural studies in his hometown of Vienna, Austria, Rudolf Schindler became intent on traveling to the United States to work with Frank Lloyd Wright. He sailed to New York only five months before the outbreak of the First World War; by the war’s end in 1918, he had achieved his goal and joined Wright’s practice. In 1919, Schindler married Sophie Pauline Gibling, a music teacher and political activist from Minneapolis who shared his distaste for traditional institutions – including marriage itself.[2]Wright invited the newlyweds to his Taliesin studio in Wisconsin in July 1920. The experience had a significant impact on both Rudolf and Sophie–the manner in which the house and its rural surroundings coexisted in harmony appealed to them, and they began to dream of building a new studio home for themselves.[3]Save this picture!Courtesy of The United States Library of CongressRecommended ProductsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreWindowsStudcoSteel Window Reveal – EzyRevealWoodParklex International S.L.Wood cladding – FacadeWindowsFAKRORoof Windows – FPP-V preSelect MAXSave this picture!Courtesy of Flickr user John ZacherleThe opportunity for Schindler to build his dream house arose when he and his wife moved to Los Angeles later that year. It was there that Schindler developed an acquaintanceship with the architect Irving Gill, who, in Schindler’s opinion, was the only local designer attempting to break away from the Spanish Colonial revival popular in Los Angeles in the early 1920s. Schindler was particularly fascinated by Gill’s work in tilt-slab construction, in which concrete walls were poured into molds and tilted into place on site after curing. The pastoral serenity of Wright’s Taliesin and the industrial efficiency of Gill’s tilt-slab concrete would ultimately come together in the designs Schindler began drawing up in November 1921.[4]Save this picture!Courtesy of The United States Library of CongressThe house was conceived not as a single-family residence, but as one to be shared with Marian and Clyde Chace. Schindler would serve as the architect for the project, while Chace acted as the builder. The partnership would therefore save the two couples money on both the labor and material costs of the project.[5] Further economy would be achieved by siting the house on a 200 square foot (18.6 square meter) lot on Kings Road in what was then unincorporated land between Beverly Hills and Hollywood. The planning phase lasted only two months, from November to December of 1921. The final scheme emerged after four design iterations, the last of which was updated to account for the impending birth of the Chace’s first child.[6]Save this picture!Courtesy of The United States Library of CongressSchindler’s scheme for the Kings Road House was a mixture of individual studios and communal living spaces. He characterized the design as a “cooperative dwelling for two young couples:” a private studio for each adult inhabitant, an entrance hall, an enclosed patio and a bathroom for each couple, two open terraces on the roof for sleeping, a single communal kitchen, and a guest apartment comprised the spaces within the house. The three-bladed pinwheel plan of the building also created several distinct garden spaces at both ends of the lot, carrying the private atmosphere of the interior into the gardens.[7]Save this picture!© Joshua WhiteThe Schindlers and Chaces broke ground on their new home on February 15, 1922.[8] All four future residents took part in the construction process, which centered on Schindler’s improvements on Gill’s tilt-slab system. Whereas Gill had prefabricated entire walls, Schindler used a system of four-foot long (1.2 meter) units, theoretically allowing them to be tilted into position by two men without the use of a crane. The seam between each slab was expressed in glass, breaking the monotony of the unfinished concrete and admitting light into the house.[9]Save this picture!Courtesy of Flickr user collectmomentsThe roof was supported by a comparatively traditional post-and-beam system. In the studios, one end of each redwood beam was supported by the concrete wall slabs; the other end was supported by two wooden posts. Nonstructural lumber, along with glass and canvas, was also used to create interior partitions and patio doorways. The resulting effect was that of heavy opacity and remarkable openness on opposite sides of each studio, with the garden foliage visible from almost every room in the house.[10]Save this picture!Courtesy of The United States Library of CongressConstruction proceeded quickly, with the house essentially completed by June 1922.[11] For two years, the Schindlers and the Chaces continued to develop their new home by installing new fixtures and purchasing furniture, neither of which they had a budget for after the initial construction of the house. Unfortunately, financial pressures continued to put strain on both couples, and after having a second child, the Chaces had to leave for Florida in July 1924. Less than a year later, Richard Neutra moved into the house along with his wife and son. Schindler’s marriage had already begun to erode before the departure of the Chaces, and while his new professional partnership with Neutra stimulated his burgeoning architectural career, his relationship with his wife only continued to decline. By 1927, Pauline split with her husband and moved out; the Neutras moved out in 1930, and though Schindler continued to lecture alongside Neutra, their relationship grew noticeably colder.[12]Save this picture!© Luke FiedererToward the end of the 1930s, Pauline returned to the house that she and her ex-husband had built. Schindler lived in the studios originally built for the two of them, while Pauline took up residence in the apartments formerly inhabited by the Chaces and the Neutras. The two shared the home as a divorced couple until Schindler’s death in 1953. In 1974, Pauline created a nonprofit organization, the Friends of the Schindler House, to help ensure the house’s preservation. The organization acquired the house in 1980 and began a program to restore the house based on its original completion in 1922. In 1994, a partnership with with the MAK/Austrian Museum of Applied Arts turned the Kings Road House into the MAK Center for Art and Architecture, Los Angeles – a public exhibition gallery in what is now considered West Hollywood.[13]Save this picture!Courtesy of The United States Library of CongressThe world has changed around the Kings Road House. What was formerly open flat land has been completely infilled; indeed, the house is now dwarfed to either side by multi-level apartment buildings. Despite this, the vision shared by Schindler and his wife in 1920 still prevails: hidden  behind its neighbors and its verdant curtain wall, the house continues to seamlessly merge indoors and outdoors into one calm, harmonious space.References[1] Smith, Kathryn. Schindler House. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2001. p7.[2] Smith, p7-14.[3] Smith, p16.[4] Smith, p17-18.[5] Smith, p18.[6] Sweeney, Robert and Judith Sheine. Schindler, Kings Road, and Southern California Modernism. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2012. p14-15.[7] Sweeney and Sheine, p15.[8] Smith, p24-28.[9] Sweeney and Sheine, p18.[10] Sweeney and Sheine, p20.[11] MAK Center. “Schindler House.” Accessed February 9, 2016.[12] Smith, p26.[13] “Schindler House.”Houses•West Hollywood, United States Area Area of this architecture project “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard CopyAbout this officeProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsArchitecture ClassicsResidential ArchitectureHousesWest HollywoodModernistRudolph SchindlerModernismRichard NeutraFrank Lloyd WrightLos AngelesCaliforniaRudolf SchindlerTilt PanelTilt UpClyde ChaseTilt SlabUnited StatesPublished on March 16, 2016Cite: Luke Fiederer. “AD Classics: Kings Road House / Rudolf Schindler” 16 Mar 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic BrassGlassMitrexSolar GreenhouseLouvers / ShuttersTechnowoodSunshade SystemsFaucetsDornbrachtKitchen Fittings – EnoWoodSculptformTimber Tongue and Groove CladdingMembranesEffisusFaçade Fire Weatherproofing Solutions in Design District Project LondonHanging LampsLouis PoulsenPendant Lights – KeglenBlinds / Mosquito Nets / CurtainsBANDALUXPleated ShadesEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEAWoodBlumer LehmannCNC Production for Wood ProjectsMaterials / Construction SystemsCaneplex DesignPoles – Tonkin BambooFibre Cement / ConcreteTegralFibre Cement Slate Roofing – Thrutone Endurance SmoothMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?国王路的房子/ Rudolf Schindler是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard ArchDaily Photographscenter_img Year:  1922 “COPY” AD Classics: Kings Road House / Rudolf SchindlerSave this projectSaveAD Classics: Kings Road House / Rudolf Schindler Area:  3500 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project Projects Houses Save this picture!© Joshua WhiteWritten by Luke Fiederer Sharelast_img read more

John Hartson urges Mikel Arteta to axe three Arsenal players after Spurs defeat

first_img Comment Advertisement Advertisement Metro Sport ReporterMonday 13 Jul 2020 11:27 amShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link2.8kShares John Hartson urges Mikel Arteta to axe three Arsenal players after Spurs defeat Arteta reacts to his Arsenal side’s 2-1 defeat against TottenhamTo view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that supports HTML5 video Play VideoLoaded: 0%0:00Progress: 0%PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration Time 9:05FullscreenArteta reacts to his Arsenal side’s 2-1 defeat against Tottenham is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.Arteta faces a battle to keep hold of top scorer Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, who is yet to put pen to paper on a new deal at the Emirates with just one year left on his current contract.But, Hartson believes that regardless if the Gabon international stays, Arsenal cannot move forward until they improve defensively.‘I’m sure he [Arteta] is looking at the defence and thinking, ‘That’s nowhere near good enough’,’ Hartson added.‘The mistake from Kolasinac today led to the goal from Son, there was other mistakes, Mustafi, the way that he defended in the second half, diving in, not standing on his feet, just poor decision making from an experienced international centre-back who cost £35 million from Valencia, you want more than that from your centre-half. More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing Arsenal‘David Luiz is a makeshift centre-half, he will only come in if Arsenal don’t buy another centre-half, I don’t think he’ll get much game time next season although he’s been given an extra year’s contract. ‘I can’t see Arsenal progressing, Aubameyang, or no Aubameyang, progressing in the right direction unless they shore up defensively. ‘They need two centre-halves of quality and they’re not going to come cheap. ‘You cannot score three or four goals every game to win a football match because Arsenal keep giving the opposition chances to score against them and you always feel as if Arsenal are going to concede a goal.’MORE: Arsenal star Gabriel Martinelli responds to Ronaldinho comparing him to RonaldoMORE: Arsenal could play in the Community Shield even if they lose to Manchester City in FA Cup semi-finalFollow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.For more stories like this, check our sport page. Hartson says Arsenal’s defence is categorically not good enough (Pictures: Stadium Astro/Getty)John Hartson has urged Mikel Arteta to completely reshape his defence in the next transfer window after Arsenal’s 2-1 defeat to Spurs on Sunday.Alexandre Lacazette opened the scoring for the Gunners with a wonder strike from outside of the box, but, their defensive frailties came to the fore once again as Sead Kolasinac gifted a goal to Heung-Min Son to make it 1-1.Poor marking from a corner allowed Toby Alderweireld to head home the winner in the 81st minute and condemn Mikel Arteta’s side to their third defeat since the restart.While Arsenal seemed to have slightly improved defensively under the Spaniard, keeping three clean sheets in a row prior to the 1-1 draw with Leicester City last week, they have been consistently found out against better opposition.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTArteta faces a major rebuilding project in the summer and former Gunners striker Hartson would like to see the back of all three starting centre-backs against Spurs.‘Ideally, I’d like to replace all three, [Shkodran] Mustafi, Kolasinac and [David] Luiz, but I don’t think he’s going to replace all three,’ Hartson told Stadium Astro.‘Rob Holding does okay when he comes in, still relatively young, I think the two full-backs [Kieran Tierney and Hector Bellerin] are decent, [Bernd] Leno in goal, I like [Dani] Ceballos, [Lucas] Torreira, [Granit] Xhaka he seems to like. ‘For me, I would get rid of all three [defenders] if I possibly could but I don’t think that’s going to happen, but, all three of them I’m not sure they’d get in of any of the top four teams.’last_img read more

April closure planned for State Road 148

first_imgAurora, In. — In April, workers plan to close State Road 148 for up to 45 days to correct a landslide about one-half mile west of U.S. 50.On April 15 Paul H. Rohe Company will remove the existing drainage structure and replace it with a 30-inch pipe that will be 53 feet long. The contract is valued at $367,940.A detour using State Road 48 and U.S. 50 will be posted. State Road 148 has a traffic count of 3,020 vehicles per day.last_img